Everything You Need to Know About Dachshunds

Everything You Need to Know About Dachshunds

The Dachshund, affectionately known as the sausage dog due to its distinctive long body and short legs, is a breed that holds a special place in the hearts of dog lovers worldwide. Originating from Germany, where its name literally means "badger dog" (Dachs = badger; Hund = dog), the Dachshund was bred for its tenacity in hunting badgers and other tunneling animals. However, beyond its hunting prowess lies a spirited, affectionate, and incredibly loyal companion.

History and Origin

The Dachshund's history dates back to the 15th century, though the breed was more formally developed in the 17th century. Its elongated body and robust spirit made it ideal for delving into dens to hunt badgers. Over time, the Dachshund has been bred in two sizes - standard and miniature, to accommodate various hunting needs and environments.

Physical Characteristics

Dachshunds come in two sizes: standard and miniature. The standard size typically weighs between 16 to 32 pounds, while the miniature version weighs under 11 pounds. They exhibit a variety of coat types: smooth, long-haired, and wire-haired, each requiring different grooming needs. Their colors range from solid to dappled (merle), with hues including black, red, chocolate, and tan.

Despite their small stature, Dachshunds have a bold and lively personality packed into their elongated frame. Their expressive eyes and elongated snout add to their unique charm, making them irresistible to many.


Dachshunds are known for their bravery, intelligence, and playful nature. They are fiercely loyal to their families, often forming a strong bond with a single person. Their vigilant nature makes them excellent watchdogs, always alert to any unfamiliar presence. However, their strong will and independent streak mean they require consistent training and socialization from a young age.

Health and Care

The breed's distinctive body shape brings specific health concerns, notably spinal issues such as Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD). Regular exercise, proper diet, and avoiding activities that strain their spine are crucial for a Dachshund's health. Their coat type determines their grooming needs, from minimal in smooth coats to more demanding in long-haired varieties.

Living with a Dachshund

Dachshunds are well-suited to living in apartments or homes with small yards. They are moderately active indoors and enjoy walks and play sessions. Early socialization and training are crucial to manage their stubborn streak and to harness their hunting instincts constructively.

The Dachshund, with its distinctive silhouette, fearless personality, and endearing traits, has won the hearts of many around the globe. While they may have been bred for hunting, today they serve as beloved companions offering loyalty, love, and a touch of spirited playfulness. Whether curled up on a lap or boldly exploring the outdoors, Dachshunds bring joy and laughter to their human families, making every day an adventure.

For more information visit The American Kennel Club